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Periodontal Disease
Mercer Island, WA


Diagram of the stages of periodontal gum disease from Goichi Shiotsu, DDSBrushing and flossing daily are essential habits for eliminating the buildup of plaque and bacteria that can contribute to the formation of periodontal disease. It is also important that you have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined twice a year to help further protect your oral health. Ignoring any part of your oral hygiene routine can lead to an overabundance of plaque and bacteria, which can then result in periodontal disease. If you notice any symptoms of periodontal disease, Goichi Shiotsu, DDS can help.

What is Periodontal Disease?


Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, is a condition that affects your gums, your teeth, and your jawbone. It can even affect your overall health if the condition goes too long without treatment. It starts with a buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth. These substances irritate your gums, which then causes the sensitive tissue to become inflamed. The tissue eventually begins pulling away from the teeth, leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. Bacteria gets trapped in the pockets. There, they begin attacking the periodontal ligaments and your jawbone in addition to your gums.

Without treatment, you could be faced with serious consequences, including tooth loss. When you have periodontal disease, the bacteria can even enter into your bloodstream, where they can travel throughout your body, leading to issues such as heart disease and diabetes.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease


The symptoms of periodontal disease vary based on how far along the disease has progressed. It is even possible that you can miss the earliest symptoms. When periodontal disease first starts, plaque and bacteria irritate the gum tissue, causing inflammation. Red, swollen gums are not always noticed. If they are, they are often thought to be the result of aggressive tooth brushing, especially when combined with the other early warning sign, bleeding when you brush and floss. When these symptoms go untreated, periodontal disease can continue to worsen. Other symptoms of periodontal disease include:

•  Gum recession. Swollen gums eventually start pulling away from the surfaces of your teeth, leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. These pockets trap bacteria, which continue attacking the gums from the inside. The pockets continue to grow deeper, and the infected tissue starts to die off. As your gums recede, more of your tooth surfaces are exposed, making your teeth appear longer. This can increase your risk for developing cavities. Gum recession can even expose the roots of your teeth, which can lead to painful tooth sensitivity.
•  Bad breath. When periodontal pockets form, bacteria become trapped below the gum line. Small food particles can also become trapped. No matter how much you brush and floss, it is impossible to eliminate the buildup, which leads to chronic bad breath.
•  Loose teeth. Bacteria below the gum line attack more than just your gums. They also begin attacking your jawbone and periodontal ligaments. As they attack, these supporting structures, which are responsible for the stability of your teeth, begin to deteriorate. As a result, the stability of your teeth is compromised.
•  Tooth loss. The further along periodontal disease progresses, the weaker the supporting structures become. When they are no longer able to hold on to your teeth, you may be faced with tooth loss.

Providing Treatment for Periodontal Disease


When periodontal disease happens, treatment is needed. The type of gum treatment you receive will depend upon your symptoms and how far the periodontal disease has progressed. Common types of treatment for periodontal disease include:
•  Scaling and root planing.
•  Laser therapy.
•  Periodontal maintenance.
•  Pocket reduction surgery.
•  Gum grafting.
•  Bone grafting.

Noticing any symptoms of periodontal disease, no matter how minor they might seem, should not be ignored. Call Goichi Shiotsu, DDS at (206) 232-3600 today to schedule your appointment.
Goichi Shiotsu, DDS Logo - Mercer Island Dentist
Location
2825 80th Ave SE, Suite 3
Mercer Island, WA 98040
Hours: Tuesday - Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm
(206) 232-3600
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Goichi Shiotsu, DDS, 2825 80th Ave SE, Mercer Island, WA, 98040 - Related Terms: dentist Mercer Island WA : Goichi Shiotsu DDS PS Mercer Island WA : restorative dentistry Mercer Island WA : (206) 232-3600 : www.mercerislanddental.com : 3/27/2020